The Chinchilla cat is not a separate breed of cats, but an amazing color that turns the hair of British, Scottish and Persian cats into a silver or golden fur coat, slightly covered with a dark mist.
Cats with a valuable silver color appeared in the UK in the 80s of the penultimate century. It is believed that the owners of the Persian cats were helped by chance – their smoky silver mottled pets gave birth to kittens with an unusually beautiful fur coat: the white hairs on the tips were painted black.
Persian cat lovers decided to deliberately draw stable lines of cats with this color. For breeding, British smokey cats were used and over time the silver-colored cats got their own name “The Chinchilla Cat” and love all over the world. American breeders joined in the breeding of the Chinchilla cat, and over time, silver chinchillas got golden-colored "brothers", whose golden or apricot hair at the ends of the hair also had a dark color.
Chinchilla Cat Characteristics
The chinchilla differs from the classic Persian skins only in its unique color, the rest of the parameters of the breed are the same. They are muscular-bodied cats of medium length, leaning on short thick legs. Strong skeleton, broad chest and shoulders. Massive round head with a broad skull. The ears are small with a low rounded tip and wide set.
The forehead is convex, the cheeks are full and the chin is strong. The nose is wide, small and upturned. The eyes are large, round, widely spaced, the Chinchilla cat has a bright green or aquamarine color. The coat is thick, long, silky and fine to the touch. The tail is medium-long, very fluffy.
Weight: male – 5-8 kg, female – 3-4 kg (neutered or neutered individuals can reach 10-12 kg).
Chinchilla cat behavior
The Chinchilla cat is affectionate, sociable, very attracted to people and will follow its beloved "tail", says Tatyana Marunich, owner of the Show Dream nursery. – I believe that Persian chinchillas are the most affectionate cats of all the breeds that exist today. They are always next to the owner, calmly lying on the sofa or on their favorite pillow.
The Chinchilla Persian cat will not climb into cupboards and shelves, it will not throw a flower in the pot on the windowsill, it is very neat, try not to cause any inconvenience. The Chinchilla cat does not jump, it does not cling to your curtains or rush into rooms, it is a very delicate and calm cat.
If the Chinchilla Persian cat lives in a soul house and does not participate in exhibitions, caring for him will not cause much trouble for the owners.
"Of course, you have to take care of the luxurious long fur of a Chinchilla Persian cat," says Tatyana Marunich, owner of Show Dream kennel. – Once a month, they should be bathed with special shampoos, of which there are now a great many. It is better to choose light cat shampoos.
After bathing, the Chinchilla cat should be completely dried with a hair dryer so that the dead hair is completely gone. Then the cat can not be combed for two weeks. Kittens should be bathed more often – once every two weeks, as moving babies get dirtier.
The Chinchilla cat needs to be combed regularly so that its beautiful silky fur shines, lays flat and does not fall into tangles.
“If we talk about food, I choose professional lines of food for the Persian Chinchilla cat and make sure to add natural food to the diet,” explains Tatyana Marunich, owner of Show Dream cattery. – But I don't mix industrial and natural foods during the same feed, but I distribute them in time. In the morning, for example, I give meat, then dry food, once a week - cottage cheese, yolk and boiled sea fish.
The Persian Chinchilla cat is a healthy breed, but due to the peculiarities of the structure of its skull, there are several problems that require special attention and care from pet owners.
"Increased tearing is one of the characteristics of Persian cats, and the chinchilla is no exception," says Tatyana Marunich, owner of Show Dream cattery. – So that the tear ducts do not become inflamed and that the cats do not have serious problems requiring the intervention of veterinarians, they must be taken care of daily.
Every day you should wipe the eyes of the Persian Chinchilla cat with a towel dipped in water. And wipe off for a clean coat. Then the area around the eyes should be treated with a grooming paste and comb the treated wool with a special brush (there are many similar products on sale, and they are already sold complete with a brush). The surface treated with paste should be sprinkled with special powder. And, if you perform this procedure regularly, there will be no problems with the tear ducts.
Another weak point of the Chinchilla Persian cat is the nasal septum, which is slightly curved due to the structure of its skull. Therefore, Persian cats can hardly stand colds - they have a severe runny nose, difficulty breathing. In order to prevent such a development of events, Persian chinchillas should be vaccinated against viruses once a year, to monitor the temperature in the house, avoiding drafts, due to which cats can become cold and sick.
History of the British and Scottish Chinchilla Cat
Although an amazing color resembling a fur coat of a rodent cat Chinchilla - a light body and the tip of a coat painted in dark color, appeared among the representatives of British cats at the end of the 19th century, the name of the cat, which became the ancestor of this precious line, has survived to this day. The first "official" British chinchilla was called Silver Lambkin. It was his felinologists who considered the ancestor of the British chinchillas, although silver-colored kittens, lifted with a slightly dark veil, appeared in front of him.
This unusual color of a fur coat was obtained by crossing smoky-colored British cats with snow-white Persians. The British Chinchilla cat immediately won the hearts of cat lovers – the precious color was not only beautiful and sophisticated, but also very rare, so having your own chinchilla was very prestigious. Chinchillas found a dignified place in the homes of aristocratic and wealthy companion cats, and breeders in Britain and the United States continued to breed intensively to obtain the most spectacular shades of these imposing short-haired cats. and mid-length. Over time, another valuable shade was added to the silver chinchilla – the golden chinchilla. Now,
And in the 1960s, when the Scottish Fold cat (Scottish Fold) was actively breeding in the world, and the breed was recognized by most international felinological organizations, Scottish cat breeders also decided to get a color of Chinchilla cat for their pets. It was quite easy to do, since British cats are actively involved in breeding the Scottish breed. By crossing Scottish Fold cats and British Chinchilla cats, charming silver and gold Scottish chinchillas appeared.
Characteristics of the British Chinchilla Cat
The British Chinchilla cat has the same breed standards as its counterparts of other colors. It is a large animal with a well-developed skeleton, a muscular body and a massive head. The head is rounded with pronounced cheeks and a strong chin passes into a short, thick neck. The nose is short and wide straight with a small hollow. The ears are medium, broad with rounded tips, widely spaced.
The eyes are large, round, widely spaced. In the British Chinchilla cat, green and blue eyes are allowed. The body is compact, muscular with a broad chest. The limbs are short, muscular with thick round paws. The tail is thick, of medium length with a rounded tip. British chinchillas can be short-haired and semi-long-haired.
“British chinchillas can be silver and gold, but those basic colors also have their own subspecies,” says Elizaveta Lipovenko, owner of Ermine Trace (“Ermine Trail”) cattery. – In silver, the color is better, the clearer. And in gold, on the contrary, the brighter, the better. The rarest and most valuable chinchillas are precisely the golden color.
Characteristics of the Scottish Chinchilla Cat
The Scottish Chinchilla cat has the same standards as its relatives of other colors. Proportionally developed moderately muscular body with a good skeleton. The limbs are muscular, of medium length, slender, ending in rounded paws. Round head with a strong chin and pronounced pads. The nose is short with a slight indentation at the forehead. The neck is short. The small ears are directed downwards and forwards and are pressed firmly to the head if the cat is a Scottish fold, that is, a fold. Since 2004, some international philological associations recognized as a separate breed and a straight Scottish cat - Scottish Straight.
Next, the cat's ears should be straight, wide with pointed tips. The tail is medium long or long, graceful with a twisted tip. The eyes are large, round, widely spaced. The hair of the Scottish Shorthair Chinchilla cat is dense, soft, not adjacent to the body. The color is silver and gold – the tips of the white or apricot outer hairs are darkened. Silver and gold chinchillas have several additional subspecies. Eye color is green or blue.
British Chinchilla Cat Character
"The character of the British Chinchilla cat is different from its 'classic' counterparts, it is not so independent", explains Elizaveta Lipovenko, owner of the cattery Ermine Trace ("Ermine Trail"). – Chinchillas – softer, affectionate, human-oriented. They even let themselves be petted, although, like all British cats, they don't like to be picked up.
The Chinchilla cat feels good with the owners, being interested in their life, but staying a little apart, she does not feel sad alone, calmly transferring the absence of the owners. Can play, run after the ball and sit quietly in an armchair or in his house. This is a self-sufficient animal with self-esteem. Chinchillas are completely non-aggressive, complacent. And most importantly, they serve as a decoration for the life of their owners.
All of this is also true for the Scottish Chinchilla cat, which is more friendly and socialized than its brethren.
Caring for a British or Scottish Chinchilla cat will not require much effort from its owners. Like any cat, he should be inspected regularly, paying attention to the condition of the eyes, ears and oral cavity. Small clumps of dirt that may accumulate in the corners of the eyes should be removed with a towel or swab. If dirt collects in your ears, wipe them off with a cloth. Ideally, you should teach your cat to brush their teeth with a special paste at least once every two weeks.
“The British and Scottish Chinchilla Shorthair cat does an excellent job of taking care of its own hair,” says Elizaveta Lipovenko, owner of the Ermine Trace Kennel (Ermine Trail). – It can be combed during moulting, helping to get rid of dead hair. For British and Scottish medium-haired chinchillas, care is a bit more difficult – they need to be combed more often so that their fine coat shines and doesn't fall out, while a comb can be used while combing. In the summer, chinchillas can even be clipped. Animals should be washed as they become dirty, using a shampoo for white haired cats for silver chinchillas.
British and Scottish Chinchilla cat food should be balanced, contain a minimum of cereals, contain all the necessary trace elements and vitamins.
Health and diseases of the British or Scottish Chinchilla cat
The British Chinchilla cat is a strong and healthy cat, it is not peculiar to genetic diseases. But like any cat, they can pick up an infection, so annual vaccinations and regular helminth prevention are a necessity that owners shouldn't ignore. Also, chinchillas of the British and Scottish breeds cannot be overfed - they tend to gain weight.
The Scottish Fold Chinchilla cat, unfortunately, has genetic diseases. The gene that makes cats so adorable by folding their ears can cause terminal damage to their joints. Osteochondrodysplasia is an inherited disease of the Scottish fold and lovely chinchillas can also suffer from it. Therefore, when choosing a kitten, you should pay attention to the length of its legs - if they are very short, there is a high probability that the kitten's joints will be deformed. And also carefully examine the animal's tail - short and inactive can be a sign of osteochondrodysplasia. The rest of Scottish chinchillas have droopy ears and upright ears – healthy, lively seals with self-esteem and an excellent appetite.